Kra don

Kra don

(Scientific name : Careya sphaerica Rox b. Family description: Barrington iaceae). Other local names are Pui, Pui kra don, pui kao, Pa haad, Hu kwang.

Its young tops and flowers are favourite for either dipping with Nam Prik (Thai spicy chili) or cooking curry. Kra don is categorized a medicinal herb. Leaves are concocted to make an astringent for curing cuts. Flowers and water squeezed from fresh bark, when mixed with honey, are good for curing a cold, relief coughing, and nourishing mothers after their birth giving. Fruits are digestive. Seeds are used to dilute poison. Roots, bark and leaves are used to poison fishes. Bark is a dyestuff. Farmers use bashed barks as a mat at their paddy field hut. Boats and paddles are made from trunks. Planks are used to build houses.

General characteristic

Medium size tree, grown in forests, but not in virgin forests. Found in any region at 50-500 metres above sea level. Resistible to dry condition, plant diseases and wildfire. Trunks are 10-20 metres high. Branches can spread 2-3 metres. Bark is rough and grooved. Crusts are greyish-brown or blackish-grey. Wide leaves look like deer's ears, tapering to both acute ends. Central zones are 12-20 cm wide, 15-30 cm long. Leave's stem is rather white at lower part but its' base is reddish. Flowers are terminal. Flowers supporting petals are white. Petal's base is overlapped bell-shaped (like rose apple's flowers). Stamens are long and red frills. Fruits are round, 5 cm wide and 6-7 cm long.

Translator : Aketawan Manowongsa

24 May 2000
Translation Service
Khanob Thai Co.,Ltd.