King Ram Rajathiraj, a son of king Ramesuan, came to the throne after his father from 1938 B.E. until 1952 B.E., the year that there was the first fight to take over the throne. Suphanburi ruler who was the nephew of Khun Luang Pa Ngua assassinated King Rama Rajathiraj then took the throne and named King Nakarindhrajathiraj.
King Nakarindhrajathiraj reigned Ayutthaya from 1952 to 1967 B.E. He had three sons; prince Ai Praya, the eldest son who ruled Suphanburi; prince Yi Praya, the second son who ruled San; and prince Sam Praya, the youngest son who ruled Chai Nat. When King Nakarindhrajathiraj died, the three sons took their troops to Ayutthaya willing to take the throne. The first son and the second son fought each other Pa Tan Bridge and they both got killed on their own elephants' back. The third son who arrived later had conveniently entered Ayutthaya and reigned the kingdom in the name of King Boroma Rajathiraj II.
King Boromarajathiraj II reigned Ayutthaya from 1967 to 1991 B.E. he had a son, prince Ramesuan, who ruled Pitsanulok, the capital of the northern cities. When the king died, the prince came to the throne and named King Boroma Triloknart.
King Boroma Triloknart reigned Ayutthaya from 1991 to 2031 B.E.. Important events in this period was the battle with King Tilokaraj of Chiang Mai. The king established Pitsanulok as a capital and lived there from 2006 B.E. until he died. During his stay in Pitsanulok, he let his eldest son, prince Boromaraja, ruled Ayutthaya as a secondary city. At this period, there was a great improvement in administrative system to be a ministerial system namely; Wiang (the interior affairs), Wang (the military), Klang (the treasury), and Na (the agriculture). Also, the Buddhism was greatly supported and became remarkably properous.
King Boromarajathiraj III reigned from 2031 to 2034 B.E. He reestablished Ayutthaya as a capital after he became king, the successor of his father. He died after he reigned only for 3 years. His younger brother then came to the throne and named King Ramathibodi II.
King Ramathibodi II reigned Ayutthaya from 2034 to 2072 B.E. During this time, an important event was that there was the first contact from Portugal willing to trade. Also, at this period, the treatise of War was written . When the king died, his son was the throne successor and named King Boromaraja Mahanor Budhangura.
King Boromaraja IV (Nor Budhangura) reigned only 5 years (2072 to 2076 B.E) before he died because of smallpox fever. Prince Rutdathirajkumara came to the throne at the age only 5 years old.
Prince Rutdathirajkumara reigned only 5 months before he was assassinated by Prince Chairajathiraj, who later claimed the throne.
King Chairajathiraj reigned from 2077 to 2090 B.E. During this period, the kingdom fought Burma for the first time and the fighting continued to happen for over 300 years. After the king died, Prince Kaew Fah who was the eldest son, aged 11 years old, immediately became the successor.
The Burmese lost King Prae, which caused them change of king. King Bayinnaung then became the King of Burma. There was a heavy battle between Thai and Burmese. King Mahachakapat gave up his throne and went to monkhood. He let prince Mahindhrathiraj to take the throne as his successor.
King Mahindhrathiraj reigned the kingdom from 2106 to 2111 B.E and secondly reigned. In 2112 B.E., King Bayinnaung of Burma lead his army to besiege Ayutthaya. King Mahindhrathiraj then begged his father to return to the throne and to be an army commander in chief. Ayutthaya lost in this battle because of the betrayal, Praya Charkree, was a spy for the Burmese army.Burmese army besieged Ayutthaya for a mounth until nearly the rainy season.Ayutthaya lost on Sunday the eleventh day waning moon in the nineth month,August 2112 B.E., only 20 days before the surrounding area will be flooded.
King Mahadhamarajathiraj reigned from 2112 to 2133 B.E., the period that Ayutthaya was a colony to Burma. The king had a daughter, Princess Supankallayanee, and two sons, Prince Naresuan and Prince Ekatossarot. King of Burma (Hongsawadee) took Princess Supankallayanee and Prince Naresuan to Burma as hostages since Prince Naresuan was 9 years old. Prince Naresuan returned to Ayutthaya when he was 15 years old in order to become the ruler of Pitsanulok. On May 3rd, 2127 B.E., Pince Naresuan declared independence for Ayutthaya in city of Graeng, after 15 years of being colonial kingdom. King Mahadhamaraja passed away in 2133 B.E.
King Chettathiraj reigned only from 2171 to 2172 B.E. He was suspicious of the military minister, Suriyawong, because it was believed that Suriyawong was a secret son of King Ekatossarot and Ms Inbata Boricharika whom the king Ekatossarot visited during his trip to Bang Pa-in. King Chettathiraj then commanded to seize minister Suriyawong. But the commanded was leaked to minister Suriyawong. He then caught and assassinated the king. Minister Suriyawong then proposed Prince Atitayawong, the youngest son of King Song Dhama, who was only 9 years old to be the king's successor.
While King Atitayawong reigned in 2172 B.E., the ministry agreed that he was to young and relived the king. They then promoted military minister to be the next king named King Prasat Thong
King Prasat Thong reigned from 2172 to 2199. In this period, there were extensive contacts with western countries. Also the kingdom expanded the power to rule over Cambodia. After the king died, his son, Prince Chai, had taken the throne.
King Chai reigned less than a year before his throne was taken over by Prince Sri Sudhamaraja and Prince Narai, the other son of King Prasat Thong.
King Sri Sudhamaraja reigned only 3 months in 2199 B.E. before there was a civil war against Prince Narai. Prince Narai killed the king and then successfully took over the throne.
King Narai the great reigned from 2199 to 2231 B.E. of which there were most trade contacts with western nations. King Narai established Lopnuri as the capital. After he died, there was a war to take the throne. Prince Pate Raja won the war so he became the King.
King Pate Raja reigned from 2231 to 2246 B.E. His former family was Ta Oun Ya Chang that was a member of Ban Plu Luang Dynasty, which was the last dynasty before Ayutthaya was burnt down by the Burmese army. Noble Luang Sorasak was then the viceroy. After the king died, there was again a war to take the throne. Noble Luang Sorasak later came to the throne and named King Sri Sanpetch IIX.
King Sri Sanpetch IIX (Pra Chao Sua) reigned from 2246 to 2252 B.E.. He died after his 6 years in the throne. Then his son, Prince Tai Sa, bacame the king's immediate successor.
King Tai Sa reigned from 2252 B.E. to 2275 B.E. At nearly the end of his reign, there was a conflict between his sons, Prince Porn and Prince Apai. After the king died, there was a civil war willing to take the throne. Prince Apai lost the war so he was then killed. Prince Porn therefore became the immediate king named King Boromakot.
King Boromakot reigned from 2276 to 2301 B.E. He had 3 sons;
Prince Dhamatibet, promoted as a Crown Prince; Prince Anurakmontri; and Prince Porn Pinit. Prince Dhamatibet made mistake by having an affair with his father concubine. He was punished by being flogged until he died. At nearly the end of King Boromakot's reign, the king gave up the throne to Prince Pornpinit while Prince Anurakmontri,the oldest son was previously forced to be in the monkshood . After the king died, Prince Pornpinit came to the throne and named King Utoomporn. He was generally known as Khun Luang Ha Wat
King Uthoomporn reigned for only 19 days. Prince Anurakmontri then gave up the monkshood. The king then gave the throne to him and then went to the monkshood at Wat Pra Du Song Dhama. Prince Anurakmontri, who was once mentioned by his father as "a dumb person that does not deserve to be a king", at last came to the throne named King Suriyamarindhara.
The Kings who used to reigne Ayutthaya
There were 33 kings who used to reign Ayutthaya during its 417 years lasting. The names are as follows (the year is illustrated in the Buddhist Era : B.E.);
1. Chiang Rai Dynasty 3 Kings
2. Suwanabhuma Dynasty 13 Kings
3. Pra Ruang Dynasty 7 Kings
4. Prasat Thong Dynasty 4 Kings
5. Ban Plu Luang Dynasty 6 Kings
here to see more pictures from Ayuthaya History Park
Some pictures pick up from
Dumrong Rajanupap, HRH. The histories of dynasties; Royal writing version.. Bangkok. Odeon Store, 2495 B.E.
Boriharn Teptani, Pra. The history of Thailand Volume 2. Silpabannakarn, 2541 B.E.
Pramote Tassanasuwan. The face of Krung Sri Ayutthaya. Bangkok: Siang Thai Publishing, 2522 B.E.
Sudara Sujchaya. Ayutthaya. Bangkok : Sarakadee, 2538 B.E.
16 March 2002